Colorado DBH Prevention Health Communications, In the News for April 9, 2010

Source: DBH email, 4/9/2010

Attached is the April 9, 2010 edition of the DBH Prevention Community Programs, Prevention Health Communications, In the News and Resources weekly.

In the News is a collection of hyperlinks to current prevention articles, broadcasts, reports, press releases, funding announcements, conferences and events, training and more that are relevant to the prevention and reduction of the use of alcohol and other drugs.

Click here to access Prevention Health Communications, In the News and Resources weekly, 4/9/10 (pdf)

Obama Proposes Increased Funding for Treatment and Prevention

Source: JoinTogether News Feature, 2/5/2010

The Obama administration’s first stab at crafting its own national drug-control budget priorities (PDF) adds new funding for addiction treatment and prevention, but does little to close the huge gap between spending on drug supply- and demand-reduction efforts despite promises of a “balanced” strategy.

The FY2011 National Drug Control Budget released by the Office of National Drug Control Policy (ONDCP) on Feb. 1 includes a 13.4 percent increase in spending on alcohol and other drug prevention programs and a 3.7 percent increase for addiction treatment.

“The new budget proposal demonstrates the Obama administration’s commitment to a balanced and comprehensive drug strategy,” said ONDCP Director Gil Kerlikowske. “In a time of tight budgets and fiscal restraint, these new investments are targeted at reducing Americans’ drug use and the substantial costs associated with the health and social consequences of drug abuse.”

<<snip>>

However, the budget plan also calls for modest increases in spending on domestic law enforcement, interdiction, and international programs. So, the bottom line is that the Obama administration is proposing to spend 64 percent of its anti-drug budget on supply reduction efforts and just 36 percent on demand-reduction programs like drug treatment and prevention — numbers that are virtually indistinguishable from the ratio in the final drug budget produced under the Bush administration.

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The centerpiece of ONDCP’s demand-reduction plan is $150 million in “new funding for creating a national, community-based prevention system to protect adolescents; training and engaging primary health care to intervene in emerging cases of drug abuse; expanding and improving specialty addiction care; developing safe and efficient ways to manage drug-related offenders; and creating a permanent drug monitoring system.”

After years of declining budgets, the new prevention funding was welcomed by field advocates, although some found the allocation of resources somewhat puzzling. Notably, the budget plan calls for spending $9.5 million less on the Drug Free Communities (DFC) grant program, which had seen steady increases in recent years and is the most popular funding vehicle for community-based anti-drug coalitions nationally.

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The Obama administration is proposing a new “Successful, Safe and Healthy Students” grant program to replace the Department of Education’s Safe and Drug-Free Schools (SFDS) program, which has suffered significant funding cuts in recent years amid doubts about its effectiveness.

The new program — intended to create “an improved school climate that reduces drug use, violence, and harassment and improves school safety and students’ physical and mental well-being” —  would receive $283 million under the Obama plan, $107 million more than SFDS received in FY2010. Unlike the formula-based SDFS national grants, the Healthy Students grants will be awarded on a competitive basis to local education agencies.

<<snip>>

The budget would establish a $15-million Prevention Prepared Communities program, a pilot project intended to create a system of evidence-based youth prevention interventions lasting throughout adolescence. Another $5.6 million would be spent on supporting community prevention specialists who would assist in developing these projects in collaboration with the states, and $2 million would be used to evaluate the project.

Click here to read the entire story
Click here to read the “National Drug Control Budget FY 2011 Funding Highlights”
Click here for more information on the “Successful, Safe, and Healthy Students” grant program from DOE
Click here to read “Proposed FY 2011 Budget HHS Priority Programs” memo from NASADAD

HIV Infection Among Injection-Drug Users: 34 States, 2004-2007

Source: MMWR Weekly, November 27, 2009 / 58(46);1291-1295

<<SNIP>>

During 2004–2007, a total of 152,917 persons received a diagnosis of HIV infection in the 34 states, including 19,687 (12.9%) IDUs. The majority of HIV-infected IDUs (62.2%) were males (Table 1). By age group, the highest percentage of HIV diagnoses among IDUs (33.2%) was observed among persons aged 35–44 years. By race/ethnicity, blacks or African Americans accounted for 11,321 (57.5%) of HIV-infected IDUs, whites for 4,216 (21.4%), Hispanics or Latinos for 3,764 (19.1%), American Indians or Alaska Natives for 117 (0.6%), Asians for 79 (0.4%), and Native Hawaiians or Other Pacific Islanders for 10 (0.1%). The average annual rate of new HIV infection diagnosis per 100,000 general population during 2004–2007 was 11.0 for black or African American IDUs, 4.9 per 100,000 for Hispanics or Latinos, and 0.9 per 100,000 for whites (Table 1).

By area of residence, 14,726 (74.8%) IDUs with a new HIV diagnosis lived in urban areas (Table 1). By race/ethnicity and sex, male blacks or African Americans (17.3) had the highest average annual rate of new HIV diagnosis per 100,000 general population during 2004–2007, followed by female black or African Americans (9.3), male Hispanics or Latinos (7.0), and female Hispanics or Latinos (2.7) (Figure).

During 2004–2006, approximately 40% of the estimated 14,715 IDUs with HIV received late diagnoses. In each of the three racial/ethnic populations analyzed (whites, blacks or African Americans, and Hispanics or Latinos), higher percentages of males received a late diagnosis than females (Table 2). Compared with persons aged 13–24 years, higher percentages of persons in older age groups received a late diagnosis of HIV infection (Table 2).

<<SNIP>>

Click here to read the entire article.

Click here to access resources related to HIV/AIDS that are available for loan to Colorado residents from the Prevention Information Center.

Latest edition of NIDA NewScan, 9/11/2009

Online at: http://www.nih.gov/news/health/sep2009/NS-63.pdf

Articles in this issue:

  • Disparities, Variability Found in Methadone Maintenance Dosing Patterns
  • Marijuana Prevention Campaigns May Have Undesired Effects on Marijuana Use
  • Crack Cocaine Use Hastens Progression of HIV Infection to AIDS
  • Few U.S. High Schools Use Evidence-Based Drug Prevention Curricula
  • Gene Changes Linked to Nicotine Dependence and Success With Smoking Cessation
  • Electronic Diary Captures Moods and Cues Leading to Heroin and Cocaine Use
  • Aging Population of Steroid Abusers May Face Underrecognized Health Problems

June Round Up: News and New in the PIC

New items Added to the Library Collection in the PIC
Click on each to view or place holds on these items in the library catalog.

New in the PIC Clearinghouse

New Online Publications

June News at a Glance

Kerlikowske to Head ONDCP, But Will Not Serve in Obama Cabinet

Source Jointogether News Feature, 3/11/09

Seattle Police Chief Gil Kerlikowske has been officially announced as President Barack Obama’s “drug czar” by the White House, but unlike his recent predecessors, he will not serve as a member of the president’s Cabinet.

“With escalating violence along our Southwest border and far too many suffering from the disease of addiction here at home, never has it been more important to have a national drug control strategy guided by sound principles of public safety and public health,” said Obama in a March 11 press release. “We must demonstrate to our international partners, the criminal organizations threatening to undermine stability and the rule of law in those nations, and the American people, that we take seriously our responsibility to reduce drug use in the United States. Gil Kerlikowske has the expertise, the experience, and the sound judgment to lead our national efforts against drug trafficking and use, and he will make an excellent addition to my administration.”

Click here to read the rest of the article.

President George W. Bush, President-Elect Barack Obama, and General Colin L. Powell Headline National Mentoring Month 2009

Source : Center for Health Communication News Release, 12/31/2008

President George W. Bush, President-elect Barack Obama, and General Colin L. Powell are headlining the Eighth Annual National Mentoring Month volunteer recruitment drive. Held each January, the campaign mobilizes community volunteers to help young people achieve their full potential.

On December 30, President Bush issued a Proclamation designating January 2009 as National Mentoring Month. President-elect Barack Obama is featured in a print ad promoting mentor recruitment under the slogan, “Be the Change: Mentor a Child.” And, General Powell is featured in a TV PSA supporting the campaign.

Last year, more than 375,000 individuals responded to the campaign by seeking information about local mentoring programs that need more volunteers.

Research has shown that programs that rely on volunteer mentors can play a powerful role in reducing drug abuse and youth violence while greatly enhancing a young person’s prospects for leading a healthy and productive life.

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In communities across the country, designated nonprofit and governmental agencies are responsible for coordinating local campaign activities, including media outreach and volunteer recruitment. These local lead partners include state and local affiliates of MENTOR/National Mentoring Partnership, the Corporation for National and Community Service, the Points of Light Institute and HandsOn Network, America’s Promise Alliance, Big Brothers Big Sisters of America, Communities in Schools, and United Way of America.

Each year since its launch in 2002, National Mentoring Month has enjoyed the strong support of President George W. Bush and the United States Congress. Other prominent individuals who have participated in the campaign include: Maya Angelou, former President Bill Clinton, Clint Eastwood, Senator John McCain, Quincy Jones, General Colin L. Powell, Cal Ripken, Jr., Bill Russell, and Usher. For more information on National Mentoring Month, please visit: www.NationalMentoringMonth.org.