OJJDP Bulletin Examines Violence by Teenage Girls

Source: News from OJJDP email, 6/2/2008
The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) has published “Violence by Teenage Girls: Trends and Context.” The first in a series of publications from OJJDP’s Girls Study Group, the bulletin assesses trends of juvenile arrest rates for violent crimes, focusing on simple and aggravated assault. It also examines the context in which girls and boys offend, including the type of victims targeted and environments where offenses commonly occur.

Resources:
“Violence by Teenage Girls: Trends and Context” is available online only at http://www.ojjdp.ncjrs.gov/publications/PubAbstract.asp?pubi=240649.
For further information about OJJDP’s Girls Study Group, visit http://girlsstudygroup.rti.org/.

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Maternal and child health prevention resources

The Maternal and Child Health Library at Georgetown university compiles “Knowledge Paths,” intended to help professionals keep current on new developments and be of use to those conducting further research on various topics. The January 2007 Knowledge Path focuses on Adolescent Violence Prevention. Other Knowledge Paths include: Adolescent Pregnancy Prevention (July 2004), Community Services Locator: Locating Community-Based Services to Support Children and Families (June 2005), Mental Health in Children and Adolescents (May 2004), Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Health (September 2005), and Spanish-Language Health Resources (En EspaƱol) (February 06)

A look at pregnancy risk behaviors in 19 states

Source: Monitoring Progress Toward Achieving Maternal and Infant Healthy People 2010 Objectives — 19 States, Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS), 2000–2003. U.S. Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report: Surveillance Summaries, vol. 55 no. SS9, Oct. 6, 2006

The Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS) is an ongoing, state- and population-based surveillance system designed to monitor selected maternal behaviors and experiences that occur before, during, and after pregnancy among women who deliver live-born infants.

This report summarizes data for 2000–2003 from 19 states (including Colorado) and looks at 8 perinatal indicators, including cigarette smoking during pregnancy, smoking cessation and drinking alcohol during pregnancy.

A factoid of interest: Colorado ranks the lowest among the 19 states for the prevalence of abstinence from alcohol during the last 3 months of pregnancy (91.3% abstention rate).